Cannabis Infused Oils and Butters

On October 5, 2023 By Elevated Staff in General

Cooking with cannabis is a culinary journey that adds an exciting twist to your kitchen adventures. However, before you can start crafting delicious cannabis-infused dishes, it’s essential to understand a fundamental concept: decarboxylation. This process is the key to unlocking the full potential of cannabis in your culinary creations.

Decarboxylation may sound complex, but it’s a straightforward concept with a profound impact. It’s the magical transformation that takes place when you apply gentle heat to cannabis. This heat activates the cannabinoids, such as THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid), found in raw cannabis, and converts them into THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the well-known compound responsible for the euphoric effects often associated with cannabis consumption.

In essence, decarboxylation is the critical step that turns raw cannabis into an ingredient ready to infuse your dishes with both its unique flavor and its sought-after effects. Understanding this process is the first step in your journey to becoming a cannabis-infused culinary expert.

Getting To The Good Stuff

Decarboxylation is a fundamental chemical process that occurs when cannabis is heated, turning a non-psychoactive cannabinoid into a psychoactive one. This process is essential when you aim to harness the full potential of cannabis for either culinary or recreational purposes.

In its natural state, raw cannabis contains the primary cannabinoid THCA, which stands for tetrahydrocannabinolic acid. THCA is non-psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t induce the mind-altering effects that are typically associated with cannabis use. Instead, THCA is recognized for its potential anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.

The magic of decarboxylation unfolds when heat is applied to THCA. This heat causes THCA to shed a carboxyl group, composed of one carbon, one oxygen, and one hydrogen atom. This process is why it’s called “decarboxylation.” The outcome is the conversion of THCA into THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, the well-known cannabinoid responsible for the euphoric and psychoactive effects associated with cannabis consumption.

To put it in simple terms, decarboxylation transforms THCA into THC, making it ready to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid receptors, primarily CB1 and CB2 receptors, which in turn produces the familiar psychoactive effects commonly linked with cannabis use. This chemical transformation is at the heart of understanding how to unlock the full potential of cannabis for various applications.

Infusing Your Product

Cannabis-infused butters and oils serve as versatile carriers for introducing cannabis into your culinary creations. To embark on this journey, you’ll need both your chosen butter or oil and, of course, cannabis.

Begin by preparing your cannabis. Grind it finely, but hold off on adding it to the butter or oil until you’ve reached the optimal infusion temperature.

Decarboxylation, the critical process of activating cannabinoids like THCA into THC, takes place between 220 to 240 degrees Fahrenheit (104 to 115 degrees Celsius). For effective decarboxylation, we suggest maintaining the infusion mixture within this temperature range for about 30 to 60 minutes, ensuring that the majority of THCA converts into THC.

When infusing cannabis into oils and butters, precision with temperature control is key. It’s vital to strike a balance—reaching the decarboxylation sweet spot without exceeding it, which could lead to cannabinoid degradation or the formation of undesirable compounds. Here are three recommended methods to achieve this:

1. Stovetop Method: Employing a stovetop, create a double boiler setup for infusing cannabis into oil or butter. Fill the bottom pot with water and place the top pot containing your chosen fat and decarboxylated cannabis on it. Use low heat or maintain a gentle simmer to sustain a temperature within the optimal decarboxylation range. Keep a thermometer handy to monitor and ensure the temperature stays between 220 to 240 degrees Fahrenheit.

2. Slow Cooker Method: If you’re using a slow cooker, set it to the low or warm setting. Slow cookers generally operate within the ideal decarboxylation temperature range, offering a convenient option. Nevertheless, it’s wise to verify the temperature with a thermometer to confirm it consistently falls within the desired range.

3. Sous Vide Method: For those equipped with a sous vide setup, you can achieve precise temperature control. Set your sous vide machine to a temperature within the recommended decarboxylation range, typically around 220 to 240 degrees Fahrenheit. This approach guarantees consistent and accurate temperature management throughout the process.

By following one of these methods, you’ll ensure efficient decarboxylation while preserving the integrity of your chosen cannabinoids and minimizing the risk of unwanted chemical transformations. This sets the stage for your cannabis-infused oils and butters to deliver the desired effects and flavors to your culinary creations.

No matter which infusion method you choose, having a reliable thermometer is a must. It keeps tabs on the temperature, ensuring you stay within the ideal decarboxylation range without going overboard.

It’s also important to note that the infusion time can affect decarboxylation. Longer times at lower temperatures tend to work best, but avoid overdoing it, as excessive heat over extended periods can harm the cannabinoids or introduce unwanted flavors. Experimentation will help you find your sweet spot.

After infusion, the final step is straining the mixture to remove the cannabis flower. Common straining methods include using cheesecloth, a fine mesh strainer, or a nut milk bag. Depending on your choice, you may need to gently squeeze and press to get the most from your final product.

These careful steps, along with thoughtful temperature control and effective straining, ensure your cannabis-infused oils and butters unlock the herb’s full potential for your culinary creations.

Measuring Your End Product

Determining the exact THC content in your homemade cannabis-infused oil or butter isn’t a straightforward kitchen task, as it usually requires specialized lab equipment for precise testing. However, you can get a ballpark estimate of the potency by following these general steps:

Know Your Starting Material: Begin by finding out the THC percentage of the cannabis you used for the infusion. If it’s a dispensary-bought product, this information is often on the packaging. For homegrown cannabis, you can consult online resources or experienced growers for typical THC percentages.

Calculate Total THC: Determine the total THC content in the starting material. For instance, if you used 1 gram of cannabis with a 15% THC rating, the total THC is 0.15 grams (15% of 1 gram).

Estimate Extraction Efficiency: Not all the THC from the starting material makes its way into your oil or butter during the extraction process. Efficiency can vary due to factors like infusion time, temperature, and process quality. Homemade infusions typically achieve about 60-70% extraction efficiency, but this can fluctuate.

Estimate THC in the End Product: Calculate the estimated THC content in your finished product by multiplying the total THC from the starting material by the extraction efficiency. For example, if you used 1 gram of 15% THC cannabis and assume a 70% extraction efficiency, the estimated THC in your butter is 0.15 grams * 0.7 = 0.105 grams.

Calculate Portion Potency: To determine THC per portion, consider the total volume of your infused oil or butter and how much you use in a single recipe. If your infused butter weighs 200 grams, and you use 20 grams in a recipe, the estimated THC in that portion would be 0.105 grams * (20 grams / 200 grams) = 0.0105 grams, or 10.5 milligrams (mg).

Remember that this is a rough estimate, and the actual THC content can vary due to factors such as variations in the starting material, infusion process, and extraction efficiency. For precise THC measurements, especially in medical or legal contexts, consulting a professional cannabis testing lab is advisable.

Storing Your Product

Once your cannabis-infused butter or oil creation is complete, it’s essential to store it correctly to maintain its quality, potency, and shelf life. Here are some straightforward guidelines for storing your infused product:

1. Airtight Container: Transfer your infused butter or oil into an airtight container. Glass jars with secure lids or food-grade plastic containers are ideal choices. Ensure the container is clean and dry before transferring the infusion to avoid any contamination.

2. Cool, Dark Place: Store the container in a cool, dark location, away from direct sunlight and heat sources. A pantry or cupboard works perfectly for this purpose. Prolonged exposure to excessive heat and light can lead to the degradation of cannabinoids and a decline in the overall quality of your infusion.

3. Refrigeration or Freezing (Optional): While it’s possible to store cannabis-infused oil or butter at room temperature, some individuals prefer refrigerating or freezing it, especially if they intend to use it over an extended period. Doing so can help extend the product’s shelf life and preserve its freshness. If you choose this route, ensure that the container is tightly sealed to prevent moisture and odors from affecting the product. When you plan to use the infusion, allow it to return to room temperature before scooping or measuring.

4. Labeling: Clearly label the container with the date of infusion and the estimated potency, measured in milligrams of THC or CBD per serving if available. This labeling system assists in monitoring the infusion’s freshness and ensures accurate dosing when using it in recipes.

5. Separation: Over time, some separation between the oil or butter and any water content may occur, particularly if you added water during the infusion process to prevent burning. If you notice this separation, gently mix or stir the infusion before use to evenly redistribute any settled material.

6. Use Within a Reasonable Timeframe: While cannabis-infused oil or butter can have a relatively long shelf life when stored correctly, it’s advisable to consume it within several weeks to a couple of months for the best flavor and potency. As time passes, the infusion may lose some potency and develop off-flavors.

Keep in mind that precise storage duration and conditions can vary based on the specific recipe, ingredients used, and your local climate. Regularly inspect the infused product for any signs of mold, unusual odors, or texture changes. If you observe any of these signs, it’s safest to dispose of the infusion to ensure both your safety and the quality of your culinary creations.

Getting Into The Kitchen

We want to emphasize once more that safety is our top priority when it comes to handling and storing cannabis in the kitchen. Here are some essential reminders:

Secure Storage: Keep your cannabis securely stored, well out of reach from any curious hands, especially if you have children or pets in your home. Treating cannabis with the same caution as any other ingredient is crucial.

Choose Appropriate Dishes: Remember that not every dish is suitable for a cannabis infusion. Start with simple recipes to familiarize yourself with the process before diving into more complex creations.

With the foundation laid and the essential knowledge in your culinary toolkit, you’re all set to embark on a remarkable culinary adventure that merges the art of cooking with the enchantment of cannabis. Get ready, because we’re about to whisk your taste buds away on a journey they won’t forget anytime soon!